Does Temperature Affect EV Range?


How can I maximize my Ford Electric vehicle's range during winter?

Ford Motor Company’s Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) are tested in extremely cold conditions. However, all-electric vehicles have less energy in cold temperatures compared to warm weather due to battery cell chemistry.

Temperatures below 4°C cause the electrolyte fluid to be sluggish limiting how much power is available to discharge and how fast the vehicle can charge. When temperatures are low, you could see a reduction in range, which is normal.

Tips for maximizing your BEV's range in cold weather

  1. Park in a garage wherever possible.
  2. Keep your BEV plugged in when parked.
  3. Precondition your vehicle using departure times to warm the cabin and the battery while plugged in.
  4. Use the heated seats and steering wheel (if available) for primary heat to reduce energy consumed by the Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system.
  5. When charging, turn off the heater.
  6. If your vehicle is covered with snow, brush all the snow off before driving to remove extra weight and drag.
  7. Keep your driving speeds moderate as high speeds use more energy.
  8. Ensure your tires are at the proper pressure.